|A larger image of Jerusalem beseiged, Turin Beatus Codex|
'Defending a castle' in a Mozarabic manuscript from Catalonia written in about 1100. It provides one of the clearest representations of a lu'ab, the smallest form of man powered stone-throwing mangonel, widely used in both Muslim and Christian Spain and in the Middle East. (Biblioteca Nazionale, Turin, inv J. II. 1, ff.189v-190r)
Source: p32, God's Warriors, Knights Templar, Saracens and the Battle for Jerusalem by Helen Nicholson & David Nicolle
This miniature illustrates a siege in which Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem, from St. Jerome's Commentary on Daniel.