Codex Calixtinus (Liber Sancti Jacobi), 1135-1139AD

Folio 162v

Charlemagne, Roland and the Knights on their way to Compostela, Spain




Held in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Spain)
Note the short pole-arm carried by the right-hand infantyman.



Referenced as figure 592 in The military technology of classical Islam by D Nicolle
592. Manuscript, "Charlemagne leaves for Spain," Codex Calixtinus, late 12th century AD, French or Spanish, Archivo Catedral, f. 162v, Santiago de Compostella (Fos).



Frankish Knight c.1150 in Armies and Enemies of the Crusades 1096-1291 by Ian Heath, based on the Codex Calixtinus (Liber Sancti Jacobi)
See also Frankish, Saracen & Byzantine costume in the 'Melisende Psalter', Jerusalem, 1131-43 AD
Exultet Roll from Fondi, Campania, Italy, 1136AD, BnF NAL 710
Judas Maccabeus portrayed as a Polish knight in the Plock Bible, second quarter of the 12th century
12th century German soldiers in the Admont Bible, Salzburg, c.1140
Other Spanish and North African resources
Other 12th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers