Herod's Massacre of the Innocents,
Carvings, 12th century AD, Church of San Domingo in Soria, Spain
Here Herod's soldiers are portrayed as Moorish Andalusian warriors on the early to mid-12th-century carved west front of the Church of San Domingo in Soria.
These would reflect the ordinary and somewhat poorly equipped infantry militias of Andalus.
However, two men do carry the tall hardened leather shields with vertical keels down the centre which would evolve into the famous adarga (Arabic daraqa) of the 14th and 15th centuries. (Author's photograph)
p19, The Moors - The Islamic West - 7th-15th Centuries AD by David Nicolle
Other Spanish & North African Illustrations of Costume and Soldiers
12th Century Illustrations of Costume and Soldiers