Norwegian Knights in
Click for an image showing more of the panel.
'The Story of St Mary of Antioch'
Ål Church, Norway, mid 13th century
Referenced on p.44 MAA - 396 - Medieval Scandinavian Armies (1): 1100-1300 by David Lindholm and Angus McBride
Detail from a mid-l3th century painted wooden panel showing 'The Story of St Mary of Antioch', in the timber stave church at Ål in Norway.
Note the brimmed chapel-de-fer helmets worn over coifs, and the 'kite' shields with straight upper edges.
Referenced on p348, Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350, Western Europe and the Crusader States by David Nicolle.
966A-C ‘The Story of St Mary of Antioch’, painted wooden ceiling, Hallingdal, mid-13th century
(in situ wooden church, Torpa, Norway)
A-B - Guards of the Governor Olibrius; C - Sword of Olibrius.
The two followers of Olibrius (A-B) probably reflect the typical armament of knights or sergeants in mid-l3th century Norway.
It is relatively light, consisting of broad-brimmed but apparently one piece chapel-de-fer war-hats, mail coifs, hauberks and chausses.
The shields are very large and long, probably because semi-rigid body armour had yet to become common in this region.
The swords are long and straight (A-C), with long, slightly-curved quillons.
Seal of Karl "Döve" Bengtsson, Sweden, early 13th century
Effigy of Bjorn Finsson, Trondheim Cathedral, Trondheim, Sør-Trøndelag, Norway, 1280
Other Illustrations of Scandinavian Costume and Soldiers
Other 13th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers